Anesthesia and the Safety Steps

No operation is entirely harmless. The type and severity of the underlying disease, possible additional diseases, age and other factors determine the level of risk. Serious complications in anesthesia are generally very rare, even in very sick patients. With continuous supervision of vital functions, the anesthesiologist can immediately recognize any ailment and begin treatment early.

Undesirable effects and complications can be:

  • Bruises around the intravenous injection puncture (cannula) and other tubes (catheter)
  • Disorders of sensation due to nerve damage to the skin (lesions often of short duration, easily treated)
  • Damage to the skin and soft tissues (subcutaneous tissue, muscles), irritation of the nerves following the injection of drugs before, during and after the operation (they are generally easily treatable, while in unfavorable cases they can cause long-term problems, such as scars and pains)
  • Very rarely there are damages to the nervous system with disturbances to the touch and the fall of the objects in the pressure necessary for the intervention (usually it passes after a while)
  • Sometimes nausea and vomiting, usually after the use of drugs and painkillers
  • The danger of the gastric contents escaping into the lungs with the subsequent development of pneumonia (particularly pronounced in the case of non-compliance with the prohibition of not eating and drinking)
  • Mild allergic reactions (hypersensitivity reactions) to anesthetics and other drugs that manifest themselves in the form of itching and rash

Serious allergic reactions, with swelling of the laryngeal lining, cardiac arrest, respiratory disorders and cramps, are very rare, but require intensive treatment and can lead to permanent damage due to insufficient blood supply to the organ (e.g. brain damage , kidneys, etc.)

Very rarely the blockage of blood vessels (eg pulmonary embolism, stroke, myocardial infarction) can lead, due to insufficient blood flow, to organ damage. Since we note the possible increased risk of blood clots, we very often recommend the application of drugs to prevent, for example, thrombosis). This type of medication is administered through injections into the abdominal skin.

Special Side Effects And Complications Of General Anesthesia (Narcosis)

  • Swallowing disorders, hoarseness, damage to the vocal cords due to laryngeal injuries in the introduction of the tube, are generally passing and do not require treatment.
  • Damage to teeth, dental prostheses, to tooth loss, especially in loose teeth.
  • Cardiac and circulatory arrest and extreme elevation of body temperature (malignant hyperthermia) are rare, following the administration of anesthetics and other medicines. This can lead to damage to important organs and requires intensive care.

Special Attention Is Necessary, Even After Anesthesia

For a comfortable stay in our hospital and for a successful outcome of the surgery it is extremely important to let the patient know the type of preparation for the operation, basic anesthetic procedures, supervision after the operation, and also possible side effects and complications. From Dr. Narinder S. Grewal you will know all of these matters. Visit his page to know more about him and his works on anesthesia.

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